Javascript is required
Mokkapps Logo

Building a Vue 3 Desktop App With Pinia, Electron and Quasar

Michael Hoffmann (Mokkapps) - Senior Frontend Developer (Freelancer)
Feb 15, 2022
7 min read
|
84 views
Development
Tools
Frontend
Vue.js
Electron
Pinia
Building a Vue 3 Desktop App With Pinia, Electron and Quasar Image

Recently, I planned to rewrite my "Scrum Daily Standup Picker" Electron application in Vue 3. I wrote the initial release in Angular, but I wanted to refactor the code base and rewrite it in Vue 3.

Why? Because I love Vue and want to have a public showcase that I can reference to potential customers.

Why Quasar?

Quasar is an MIT licensed open-source Vue.js based framework that targets SPA, SSR, PWA, mobile app, desktop app, and browser extension all using one codebase. It handles the build setup and provides a complete collection of Material Design compliant UI components.

Quasar's motto is:

Write code once and simultaneously deploy it as a website, a Mobile App and/or an Electron App.

Using Quasar drastically saves development time due to these reasons:

  • It's based on Vue.js.
  • It provides many UI components that follow Material Design guidelines.
  • It has a regular release cycle inclusive of new features.
  • It provides support for each build mode (SPA, SSR, PWA, Mobile app, Desktop app & Browser Extension).
  • It has its own CLI that provides a pleasant developer experience. For example, we can build our application as SPA, mobile, or desktop app within the same project folder.

Read more about why Quasar might be a good choice for your next project.

Install Quasar CLI

Info

The source code for the following demo is available at GitHub

bash
# Node.js >=12.22.1 is required.$ yarn global add @quasar/cli# or$ npm install -g @quasar/cli

Let's start by creating a new project using the Quasar CLI:

bash
▶ quasar create vue3-electron-demo  ___ / _ \ _   _  __ _ ___  __ _ _ __| | | | | | |/ _` / __|/ _` | '__|| |_| | |_| | (_| \__ \ (_| | | \__\_\\__,_|\__,_|___/\__,_|_|? Project name (internal usage for dev) vue3-electron-demo? Project product name (must start with letter if building mobile apps) Quasar App? Project description A Quasar Framework app? Author Michael Hoffmann <michael.hoffmann@mokkapps.de>? Pick your CSS preprocessor: SCSS? Check the features needed for your project: ESLint (recommended), TypeScript? Pick a component style: Composition? Pick an ESLint preset: Prettier? Continue to install project dependencies after the project has been created? (recommended) NPM

We chose SCSS as our CSS preprocessor, ESLint & Typescript as additional features, Vue 3's Composition API and Prettier for code formatting.

Warning

Do not choose Vuex as we will add another state library in the next chapter. If you accidentally added Vuex, remove it manually from your package.json.

Read the official docs for additional information about the Quasar CLI.

Add Pinia as Vue store library

We'll use Pinia as Vue store library, which is now the recommended state library for Vue.

First, we need to install Pinia:

bash
yarn add pinia# or with npmnpm install pinia

To be able to register Pinia at our Vue application instance we need to create a Quasar Boot File:

A common use case for Quasar applications is to run code before the root Vue app instance is instantiated, like injecting and initializing your own dependencies (examples: Vue components, libraries…) or simply configuring some startup code of your app.

Our boot file is called pinia.ts and is located at src/boot:

import { boot } from 'quasar/wrappers';import { createPinia } from 'pinia';export default boot(({ app }) => {  app.use(createPinia());});

We also need to add this new file to quasar.conf.js:

module.exports = configure(function (ctx) {  return {    ...    // app boot file (/src/boot)    // --> boot files are part of "main.js"    // https://quasar.dev/quasar-cli/boot-files    boot: ['pinia'],    ...  }}

Now, we can create a new folder called pinia in src.

Warning

We cannot name this folder store as this name is reserved for the official Vuex integration.

A basic store could look like this:

import { defineStore } from 'pinia';// useStore could be anything like useUser, useCart// the first argument is a unique id of the store across your applicationconst useStore = defineStore('storeId', {  state: () => {    return {      counter: 0,      lastName: 'Michael',      firstName: 'Michael',    };  },  getters: {    fullName: state => `${state.firstName} ${state.lastName}`,  },  actions: {    increment() {      this.counter++;    },  },});export default useStore;

We can use this store in any Vue component:

<template>Counter: {{ store.counter }}</template><script setup lang="ts">import { useStore } from '@/stores/counter';const store = useStore();</script>

Now we can run the Vue application using the Quasar CLI:

bash
quasar dev

The Vue application is served at http://localhost:8080:

Quasar Dev Mode

Setup Electron

Info

Read this introduction if you are new to Electron.

To develop/build a Quasar Electron app, we need to add the Electron mode to our Quasar project:

bash
quasar mode add electron

Every Electron app has two threads: the main thread (deals with the window and initialization code – from the newly created folder /src-electron) and the renderer thread (which deals with the actual content of your app from /src).

The new folder has the following structure:

.
└── src-electron/
├── icons/                # Icons of your app for all platforms
|   ├── icon.icns         # Icon file for Darwin (MacOS) platform
|   ├── icon.ico          # Icon file for win32 (Windows) platform
|   └── icon.png          # Tray icon file for all platforms
├── electron-preload.js   # (or .ts) Electron preload script (injects Node.js stuff into renderer thread)
└── electron-main.js      # (or .ts) Main thread code

Now we are ready to start our Electron application:

bash
quasar dev -m electron

This command will open up an Electron window which will render your app along with Developer Tools opened side by side:

Quasar Electron Dev

Read the official docs for additional and detailed information about developing Electron apps with Quasar.

Control Electron from Vue code

If we want to use Electron features like opening a file dialog, we need to write some code to be able to access Electron's API.

For example, if we want to show a dialog to open files, Electron provides the dialog API to display native system dialogs for opening and saving files, alerting, etc.

First, we need to install @electron/remote:

bash
npm install -D @electron/remote

Then we need to modify src-electron/electron-main.js and initialize @electron/remote:

import { app, BrowserWindow, nativeTheme } from 'electron'import { initialize, enable } from '@electron/remote/main'import path from 'path'import os from 'os'initialize();let mainWindow;function createWindow () {  /**   * Initial window options   */  mainWindow = new BrowserWindow({    icon: path.resolve(__dirname, 'icons/icon.png'), // tray icon    width: 1000,    height: 600,    useContentSize: true,    webPreferences: {      contextIsolation: true,      // More info: /quasar-cli/developing-electron-apps/electron-preload-script      preload: path.resolve(__dirname, process.env.QUASAR_ELECTRON_PRELOAD)    }  })    // ....  enable(mainWindow.webContents);}

If we want to use Electron API from our Vue code we need to add some code to src-electron/electron-preload.js:

import { contextBridge } from 'electron';import { dialog } from '@electron/remote';// 'electronApi' will be available on the global window contextcontextBridge.exposeInMainWorld('electronApi', {  openFileDialog: async (title, folder, filters) => {    // calling showOpenDialog from Electron API: https://www.electronjs.org/docs/latest/api/dialog/    const response = await dialog.showOpenDialog({      title,      filters,      properties: ['openFile', 'multiSelections'],    });    return response.filePaths;  }});

Next we create src/api/electron-api.ts to access this code from within our Vue application:

export interface ElectronFileFilter {  name: string;  extensions: string[];}export interface ElectronApi {  openFileDialog: (    title: string,    folder: string,    filters: ElectronFileFilter  ) => Promise<string[]>;}// eslint-disable-next-line @typescript-eslint/ban-ts-comment// @ts-ignoreexport const electronApi: ElectronApi = (window as { electronApi: ElectronApi })  .electronApi;

Now we can use this API anywhere in our Vue component:

<template>  <q-btn @click="openElectronFileDialog">Open Electron File Dialog</q-btn></template><script lang="ts">import { defineComponent } from 'vue';import { electronApi } from 'src/api/electron-api';export default defineComponent({  name: 'PageIndex',  components: { },  setup() {    const openElectronFileDialog = async () => {      return electronApi.openFileDialog('Test', 'folder', { name: 'images', extensions: ['jpg'] });    };    return { openElectronFileDialog };  },});</script>

Clicking on the button should now open the native OS file dialog:

Electron File Dialog

Conclusion

Quasar allows us to quickly develop Electron desktop applications in Vue with high-quality UI components that follow Material Design guidelines.

The most significant advantage against a custom Electron + Vue boilerplate project from GitHub is that Quasar has a regular release cycle and provides upgrade guides for older versions.

Take a look at my "Scrum Daily Standup Picker" GitHub repository to see a more complex "Quasar-Electron-Vue3-Typescript-Pinia" project. The demo source code for the following demo is available at GitHub.

If you liked this article, follow me on Twitter to get notified about new blog posts and more content from me.

Alternatively (or additionally), you can also subscribe to my newsletter.